Water softening is essential to remove hardness of water in households and companies. There are several negative effects of hard water that is not softened including pipe clogging, lime scale depositing, galvanic corrosion and many others.
There are different types of water softening systems that caters to the need. The following is a description of the types available
According to kitchenfaucets.reviews, most conventional appliances meant to be used in households rely on the ion-exchange method. It is the most commonly seen system used for water softening. Ion-exchange softeners adopt the system of exchanging ions that cause hardness of water such as Calcium and Magnesium with sodium and potassium ions, thereby reducing hardness of water. Ion exchanging properties are also present in Zeolites, which can be administered for the same process in the form of ion exchange resins.
Salt free softeners are also called descaling systems. In this type of softening system, The water experiences a sifting media, and the atoms are rebuilt as they move through the tank. The new structure of the atoms disturbs the current mineral set up in funnels, pipelines and apparatuses as the water moves through, successfully de-scaling the plumbing framework.
Salt free water conditioner systems combat many of the significant downsides of the ion-exchange framework of water softening. There is no use of chemicals and hence, so you aren’t adding synthetic elements into the drinking water or discharging them into the wastewater bodies allowing you to start drinking happily.
Reverse Osmosis Softeners
This type of softening incorporates the principles of applying a pressure gradient. It is the most widely accepted non-chemical method for softening. The pressure gradient is applied over a semi penetrable membrane to beat osmotic pressure and expel water particles from the arrangement with hardness particles. The membrane has pores big enough to allow for the passage of ions other than hardness causing ions which cannot pass through the pores.
The subsequently obtained soft water is devoid of hardness without the external addition of any ions
Another non-chemical method of softening is that magnetic field method. This uses magnets in or around water pipes so the attractive field will adjust the water ion composition. The inconvenience is that water will come back to its hard form within 48 hours once the magnetic field strength reduces. If you are looking for some of the best shower valves which can work with hard water, check out https://kitchenfaucets.reviews/best-shower-valve-brand.
Water softening is very important in households and in industrial set ups. Softened water is not suitable for use in the agricultural domain as the water devoid of calcium and magnesium ions can result in the formation of alkali soils.